CyberEnglish9: Poetry Unit

 

Note that words following a ~ symbol are poetry terms that might appear on the test. (Many defined here.)


Imagery

Poets use language that appeals to the senses in order to evoke emotional reactions through sensory experience.
     ~ Imagery
     Sight
     Smell
     Taste
     Sound
     Touch


Figurative Language

Poets manipulate language using figures of speech to convey meaning and emotions. Ideas are delivered through connections and comparisons.
     ~ Metaphor
     ~ Simile
     ~ Personification
     ~ Hyperbole
     ~ Oxymoron
     ~ Allusion


Diction

Poets select language and use precise word choice to convey meaning and emotions. Ideas are delivered through clarity and connotations. Poets always want to select just the right word.
     ~ Diction
     ~ Tone
     ~ Denotation
     ~ Connotation

 


"The difference between the right word and the almost right word is really a large matter — it's the difference between a lightning bug and the lightning." –Mark Twain


Sound

Poets use sound devices to create a rhythm of words and language. Emotional responses and mood are evoked through the music of poetry.
     ~ Rhythm
     ~ Meter
     ~ Foot
     ~ Syllable
     ~ Scansion
     ~ Iambic pentameter

     ~ Rhyme scheme
     ~ End rhyme
     ~ Internal rhyme
     ~ Slant rhyme
     ~ Alliteration
     ~ Assonance
     ~ Consonance
     ~ Onomatopoeia


Form

Poets create or follow a structure of words on the page. Form can give a framework that challenges writers and inspires creative solutions.
     ~ Stanza
     ~ Couplet
     ~ Sonnet
     ~ Ballad
     ~ Haiku
     ~ Free verse

Shakespeare has written many famous sonnets.